Liberal senator Eric Abetz says award winning author Richard Flanagan is "denigrating" his country in an article on the bushfires in the New York Times.
Senator Abetz described Mr Flanagan's recent opinion piece as "predictable".
"Australia today is ground zero for the climate catastrophe," Mr Flanagan wrote in the internationally acclaimed paper.
"Its glorious Great Barrier Reef is dying, its world-heritage rainforests are burning, its giant kelp forests have largely vanished, numerous towns have run out of water or are about to, and now the vast continent is burning on a scale never before seen.
"Canberra's air on New Year's Day was the most polluted in the world partly because of a plume of fire smoke as wide as Europe.
"Scientists estimate that close to half a billion native animals have been killed and fear that some species of animals and plants may have been wiped out completely."
At the height of the fires, Mr Flanagan wrote that Prime Minister Scott Morrison "went on vacation to Hawaii" and Labor leader Anthony Albanese toured coal mining towns "expressing his unequivocal support for coal exports".
"The images of the fires are a cross between "Mad Max" and "On the Beach": thousands driven onto beaches in a dull orange haze, crowded tableaux of people and animals almost medieval in their strange muteness - half-Bruegel, half-Bosch, ringed by fire, survivors' faces hidden behind masks and swimming goggles," he said.
Mr Flanagan, a Rhodes Scholar and winner of the Man Booker prize, also took aim at Tasmania's anti-protest laws which he predicted would be copied by other states and could lead to "protesters being jailed for up to 21 years".
Senator Abetz said Mr Flanagan's piece ignored history.
"He and his cohort love denigrating their country," Senator Abetz said.
"What is missing from the piece is the history of Australia...described by James Cook on his first visit as this land of smoke.
"Our very own Tasmania has its Bay of Fires so named because of what explorers saw.
"The manic refusal by some to support extensive fuel reduction burns has left a fuel load of gigantic proportions which is now causing havoc as predicted. The high number of arson attacks is also studiously avoided."
He asked if Mr Flanagan "really" believed that ending all fossil fuel consumption would have prevented the fires.
"Not even Richard would believe that so why does he peddle this stuff?"
"We've had our own 1967 fires with the loss of over 60 lives and our 1930's fire.
"These events catastrophic as they are do need to be viewed in the context of history.
"Unnecessarily scaring and frightening people during a difficult time does no one any good."