Tasmanian volunteer firefighters in rural areas have not been issued with respiratory facemasks, according to the state opposition.
Labor spokesperson for Police, Fire and Emergency Services, Jen Butler, she had been contacted by brigades from across the state.
They said they still have not received their respirator masks, which have been provided to firefighters in urban areas.
A government spokesperson said the facemasks were due to be delivered to all fire stations.
"The department tender has closed and 4000 masks will be rolled out to volunteers for the coming season," the spokesperson said.
But Ms Butler said volunteer firefighters were at risk until the masks arrived.
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"These people are volunteers," she said.
"They are people who give up their own time to protect their communities.
"They are being put in the position where they have to use handkerchiefs or cardboard face masks."
The Tasmania Fire Service has said bushfire season may start earlier than normal this year.
The fire permit period began in the Break O'Day, Glamorgan-Spring Bay and Sorell municipalities on September 28.
Ms Butler said proper equipment was needed at all fire brigades.
"If the government can't even distribute basic respirator masks to our volunteer fire fighters how can they expect Tasmanians to believe they are prepared for the pending bushfire season?" she said.
"We are now in mid-October and volunteers are still waiting. At this rate hundreds of firefighters will be facing the bushfire season without proper face masks to protect them against smoke inhalation, sparks and containments."